Open Access (OA) literature is freely available online and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions giving readers broad rights to reuse the material without permission (Peter Suber, Open Access Overview).
Open Data (from the Open Data Handbook) is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and share alike.
To be considered "open," the data must have the following three characteristics:
Data Management is an effective strategy for ensuring that data will be usable, preserved, maintained and accessible throughout the life cycle of a research project and for future generations of scientific research.
Because of the complexity of identifying authors of research reports and importance of ensuring scholarly integrity and the responsible reporting of research, an Authorship and Research Integrity Policy (see below) has been created to provide basic guidelines for authorship assignments and a means to resolve disputes that may arise.
The Office of Digital Research and Scholarship (DRS) in University Libraries provides expertise and consultations on fulfilling funding requirements for public access to publications and data. DRS also offers data management planning services, assists researchers in the writing, editing and enactment of data management plans, and provides resources and information about data storage, funding agency requirements, data curation tools, data repositories, and the licensing or publishing of data sets.
FSU Faculty Senate Open Access Resolution October 19, 2011 (excerpt from Faculty Senate Library Committee – Task Force on Scholarly Communications: Final Report)
Data Management provides resources and information about data management planning, data storage, funding agency requirements, data curation tools, and options for sharing, licensing of publishing data sets.
DMPTool provides guidance and resources for your Data Management Plan. The goal is to provide a "flexible, online tool to help researchers create data management plans."
DigiNole Commons, FSU’s Research Repository
U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)
On February 22, 2013, the OSTP issued a policy memorandum entitled “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research.” The intent of the policy is to ensure that results of federally funded research are made available to the public. This includes peer-reviewed publications and data. A portion of the policy states:
The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) hereby directs each Federal agency with over $100 million in annual conduct of research and development expenditures to develop a plan to support increased public access to the results of research funded by the Federal Government. This includes any results published in peer-reviewed scholarly publications that are based on research that directly arises from Federal funds, as defined in relevant OMB circulars.
Federal Agency Policy Matrix A table summarizing the Federal public access policies resulting from the US Office of Science and Technology Policy memorandum of February 2013.
Association of Research Libraries, Open Scholarship